Learn Ol Chiki
|Ol Chiki scripts has 30 letters
out. The roman transliteration is given below the Ol Chiki letters. First
column consist of vowels remaning consists of consonant and semiconsonants.
o T g f l
A AT AG ANG AL
a k j m w
AA AAK AAJ AAM AAW
i s h Q r
I ISH IH INY IR
u c D M y
U UCH UD UNN UY
e p d n z
E EP EDD EN ERR
O t b v H
O OTT OB ONG OH
T, f, l, k, m, w, s, h, Q, r, c, M, y, p, d, n, z, t, v these are the full consonant used for writing Ol Chiki. The character H is combined with other consonants to generate additional consonants.
There are four semi-consonants, viz., g, j,D,b. Ahad ( x ) is used to make them full consonants if they are not followed by a vowel. If they are followed by a vowel, then the vowel itself is sufficient to make them full consonants. Again, the pronunciation of semi-consonant is used by all Santals in their speech all over India.
Ol Chiki character set gives only 6 vowels ( o, a, i, u, e, O ). Gahla tudag( " . " ) is used to generate the additional vowels from o. , a. , e. The combination of mu tudag and gahla tudag gives rise to mu-gahla tudag.
There is five basic diacritics Mu tudag( " N "), Gahla tudag( " . " ), Rela( " ~ " ), Pharka( " _ " ) and Ahad ( x). The combination of mu tudag and gahla tudag gives rise to another diacritic mu - gahla tudag( " : " ), which has frequent use in writing. Pharka is sometimes used to separate closely pronounced words. It is particularly used to show that a vowel does not get combined with the semi-consonant preceding it. That is, a semi-consonant does not become full consonant even though it is followed by a vowel as there is a Pharka between them. Rela is used to lengthen the pronunciation of vowels, i.e., it used to generate long vowels.
The main punctuation mark used is the single vertical line. This mark as end of sentences. In Santali, it is called "muchad" and also there is another frequent used diacritic is comma "," called "keched". Ranal – a grammer book written by Pandit Raghunath Murmu mentioned about this two punctuations and name also extracted from that book.
Ol Chiki use decimal system, 0-9 basic digits are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
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